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Managua City

The bustling city of Managua was a former indigenous village that developed on the edge of Lake Xolotlan. Its first pre-Hispanic inhabitants were fishermen and hunters. In 1852 the city became relevant when it was declared the capital of Nicaragua because of the permanent political disputes between the colonial cities of Leon and Granada.

Two strong earthquakes have dramatically changed the architecture of Managua in the last eighty years. The first big tremor took place in 1931 with a magnitude of 5.8, while the second earthquake struck Managua in 1972 with higher magnitude (7.2) destroying much of the city and killing almost fifteen thousand people. The area affected by this second earthquake was not rebuilt and part of it was declared of public use. In the last twenty years Managua has been slowly rebuilt with local and foreign investments.

The city of Managua still preserves some of the old buildings that miraculously survived the earthquake from 1972 including the old Cathedral built in 1936, the former “National Palace” holding in its interior the “National Museum” exhibiting a large collection of pre-Columbian artifacts, paintings, natural history of Nicaragua, and more. Managua also still conserves “La Plaza de la Republica” which later became “La Plaza de la Revolucion” in 1979. Other important buildings in the surroundings are “the Presidential Palace” built in the year 2000 by a Taiwanese cooperation and the “Ruben Dario” National Theater constructed in 1969.

Due to the strong political past of Nicaragua, an important number of monuments can be found through the city. One of the most important is the historical monument “Loma de Tiscapa”, a volcanic crater lake on which the north rim contains several objects that are testimony of many years of struggles. War tanks, ruins of the presidential palace, political cells and pictures of Sandino’s fight are part of this site. At the same time because of the elevation one can enjoy some nice views over old and new Managua.

In the northwest of the city the oldest evidence of human presence in Nicaragua is found, the famous footprints of “Acahualinca”. It is an archaeological site with several human footprints that have been perfectly preserved for more than five thousand years on volcanic material.

Managua is also a city where one will find all different type of art galleries, handicraft markets, shopping malls, typical and international restaurants, bars, discos, casinos, live music, theater and all kind of entertainment.

Handicrafts • Traditions & Legends • Pre-Columbian Heritage • Religious Events • Food

Local Information

Currency: U$1 x C$ 30.43
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